Loose files that live outside code packages.

Files are placed directly in archives, outside of code artifacts such as Python wheels or JVM JARs. The sources of a files target are accessed via filesystem APIs, such as Python's open(), via paths relative to the repo root.


type: Iterable[str] | None
default: None

Addresses to other targets that this target depends on, e.g. ['helloworld/subdir:lib'].

Alternatively, you may include file names. Pants will find which target owns that file, and create a new target from that which only includes the file in its sources field. For files relative to the current BUILD file, prefix with ./; otherwise, put the full path, e.g. ['./sibling.txt', 'resources/demo.json'].

You may exclude dependencies by prefixing with !, e.g. ['!helloworld/subdir:lib', '!./sibling.txt']. Ignores are intended for false positives with dependency inference; otherwise, simply leave off the dependency from the BUILD file.


type: str | None
default: None

A human-readable description of the target.

Use ./pants list --documented :: to see all targets with descriptions.


type: Iterable[str]

A list of files and globs that belong to this target.

Paths are relative to the BUILD file's directory. You can ignore files/globs by prefixing them with !.

Example: sources=['example.py', 'test_*.py', '!test_ignore.py'].


type: Iterable[str] | None
default: None

Arbitrary strings to describe a target.

For example, you may tag some test targets with 'integration_test' so that you could run ./pants --tag='integration_test' test :: to only run on targets with that tag.

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