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Version: 2.18 (deprecated)


Options controlling which dependencies will be inferred for Python targets.

Backend: pants.backend.python

Config section: [python-infer]

Basic options


ambiguity_resolution = <AmbiguityResolution>
one of: none, by_source_root
default: none

When multiple sources provide the same symbol, how to choose the provider to use.

none: Do not attempt to resolve this ambiguity. No dependency will be inferred, and warnings will be logged.

by_source_root: Choose the provider with the closest common ancestor to the consumer's source root. If the provider is under the same source root then this will be the source root itself. This is useful when multiple projects in different source roots provide the same symbols (because of repeated first-party module paths or overlapping requirements.txt) and you want to resolve the ambiguity locally in each project.


assets = <bool>
default: False

Infer a target's asset dependencies based on strings that look like Posix filepaths, such as those given to open or pkgutil.get_data.

To ignore a false positive, you can either put # pants: no-infer-dep on the line of the string or put !{bad_address} in the dependencies field of your target.


assets_min_slashes = <int>
default: 1

If --assets is True, treat valid-looking strings with at least this many forward slash characters as potential assets. E.g. 'data/databases/prod.db' will be treated as a potential candidate if this option is set to 2 but not to 3.


conftests = <bool>
default: True

Infer a test target's dependencies on any files in the current directory and ancestor directories.


entry_points = <bool>
default: True

Infer dependencies on targets' entry points, e.g. pex_binary's entry_point field, python_aws_lambda_function's handler field and python_distribution's entry_points field.


--python-infer-ignored-unowned-imports="['<str>', '<str>', ...]"
ignored_unowned_imports = [
default: []

Unowned imports that should be ignored.

If there are any unowned import statements and adding the # pants: no-infer-dep to the lines of the import is impractical, you can instead provide a list of imports that Pants should ignore. You can declare a specific import or a path to a package if you would like any of the package imports to be ignored.

For example, you could ignore all the following imports of the code

from import load
from import start
from src.generated.client import connect

by setting ignored-unowned-imports=["", "src.generated.client.connect"].


imports = <bool>
default: True

Infer a target's imported dependencies by parsing import statements from sources.

To ignore a false positive, you can either put # pants: no-infer-dep on the line of the import or put !{bad_address} in the dependencies field of your target.


init_files = <InitFilesInference>
one of: always, content_only, never
default: content_only

Infer a target's dependencies on any files in the packages it is located in (recursively upward in the directory structure).

Even if this is set to never or content_only, Pants will still always include any ancestor files in the sandbox. Only, they will not be "proper" dependencies, e.g. they will not show up in pants dependencies and their own dependencies will not be used.

By default, Pants only adds a "proper" dependency if there is content in the file. This makes sure that dependencies are added when likely necessary to build, while also avoiding adding unnecessary dependencies. While accurate, those unnecessary dependencies can complicate setting metadata like the interpreter_constraints and resolve fields.


string_imports = <bool>
default: False

Infer a target's dependencies based on strings that look like dynamic dependencies, such as Django settings files expressing dependencies as strings or pytest plugins listed in the pytest_plugins variable in a test module or a conftest file.

To ignore a false positive, you can either put # pants: no-infer-dep on the line of the string or put !{bad_address} in the dependencies field of your target.


string_imports_min_dots = <int>
default: 2

If --string-imports is True, treat valid-looking strings with at least this many dots in them as potential dynamic dependencies. E.g., '' will be treated as a potential dependency if this option is set to 2 but not if set to 3.


unowned_dependency_behavior = <UnownedDependencyUsage>
one of: error, warning, ignore
default: warning

How to handle imports that don't have an inferrable owner.

Usually when an import cannot be inferred, it represents an issue like Pants not being properly configured, e.g. targets not set up. Often, missing dependencies will result in confusing runtime errors like ModuleNotFoundError, so this option can be helpful to error more eagerly.

To ignore any false positives, either add # pants: no-infer-dep to the line of the import or put the import inside a try: except ImportError: block.


use_rust_parser = <bool>
default: True

Use the new Rust-based, multithreaded, in-process dependency parser.

Pants 2.17 introduced a new paradigm to dependency parsing for Python by leveraging a Rust-based parser that's called in the same process as Pants itself, instead of farming out to one-python-process-per-file.

As a result of the switch, cold-cache performance improved by a factor of about 12x, while hot-cache had no difference. Additionally, Pants can now infer dependencies from Python scripts with syntax errors.

After leaving this defaulted to disabled for a release cycle, Pants 2.18 started defaulting to enabling this.

If you think the new behaviour is causing problems, it is recommended that you run pants peek :: > before.json and then pants --python-infer-use-rust-parser=False peek :: > after.json and compare the two results.

If you think there is a bug and need to disable it, please file an issue:

Advanced options


Deprecated options